How to prepare for pharmacy admission test

Entry into a pharmacy career starts with the mandatory 4-hour pharmacy admission test. Sounds tough? You bet it is tough but only if you go in unprepared for it. The pharmacy admission test is a 240-multiple-choice question paper. The test is so exhausting that the authorities had to incorporate a 30-minute break in it. Fortunately, as of last year (2011) you do not have to carry a pen to the pharmacy admission test – it is now conducted exclusively on the computer. This however, has not made it any easier for the student. Instead, it makes it quicker and easier for the evaluator to evaluate the student and is also environmentally friendly as no paper is used.

There are three ways you can prepare for the pharmacy admission test:

1.Obtain the necessary books and study.
2.Obtain the necessary books as well as previous question papers and study these.
3.Obtain the necessary books and signup for an online practice PCAT exam prep course.

The first prepares you for the pharmacy admission test in a much generalized sort of way. You get the knowledge but little idea as to what kind of questions might be thrown at you. This age old technique is highly effective but lacks precision.

The second too prepares you for the practice PCAT test but in a more focused manner provided of course, you have succeeded in obtaining pharmacy admission test question papers of the previous 5 or more tests. Having obtained the previous papers, you have to distill the pattern within them. What subjects are favored? Are there specific topics that are more favored over the others? Are certain questions repeated and if so, what is the frequency? What kind of weightage is applied to the questions etc., etc? You not only have to study, you have to also figure all these things for yourself – no mean task.

The third method is by far, the most successful of all – you do the studying we figure out patterns and we do this in an extremely professional manner. We have handfed all the questions that have appeared at the pharmacy college admission test during the past several years. Not only that, we’ve also answered each and every question. Our sophisticated algorithm picks out patterns and helps us create pharmacy admission prep tests with questions that have a high probability of being asked. In fact, the prep test we administer is in every way identical to the one you will actually face. So when the time comes, you shall be well and truly prepared.

Provided you follow our advice, you will be well prepared to answer all the questions and that too, well within the time limits. Being prepared and knowing the answers beforehand ensures your success at the pharmacy admission test.

Select our PCAT practice test – it is the surest way you can guarantee your own success.

Excellence of Siddha system of Medicine


Siddha system of medicine is one of the oldest medical systems of India, existed separately in early times. The system has flourished very well in India for many centuries. Although this system declined in later years, in the wake of changing mode of life and modern medicine, it continues to sustain its influence on the masses because of its incomparable intrinsic merits.

Siddha system has its own well developed chemistry and its tireless efforts striving in the direction of the development of ALCHEMY has resulted in the genesis of thousands of mineral and metallic preparations. Thus Siddha system is well equipped to combat any disease, even chronic diseases, which baffle and elude the sophisticated modern medical science.

The foundation of countless prescriptions forms the most impressive bulk of Siddha wisdom. But even modern experts trained in Botany and pharmacology, will find it hard to understand the complex prescriptions that are given and extremely difficult to identify the plants and herbs mentioned by Siddhars (the founders of Siddha system of medicine). An enormous variety of widely differing drugs were mixed in Siddha medicine into a kind of arcanav, as a myth, mystery or secret. To be sure, the myth also reflects the integration of Siddha traditions and gives a symbolic representation, expressing ancient thoughts. It is not merely an irresponsible play of fantasy but teaches in pictorial scripts, an attitude towards life.

Unique Siddha medicinal preparations: For a medicine to be effective, the inorganic substances have to be brought to their atomic form. Siddhars developed the knowledge of bringing inorganic substances into atomic and ionic form which is easily absorbed by the system, when ground with herbal juices and put on the fire. The specialized Siddha preparations are -parpam’, -chendooram’, -chunnam’and -mezhagu’. These are metallic and mineral preparations by transmutation processes of converting the metal to ashes and waxy constituency which exerts therapeutic properties and devoid of any metallic traces. These are also the by products noticed during Siddhars Alchemical practices only.

Muppu: Muppu has a distinct place in Siddha medicine. It is the combination of three rare salts which enhances the efficacy of any Siddha medicine. The preparation and ingredients are a closely guarded secret. It is also believed that -muppu’ also engender yogic concentration, a part of Siddha tradition.

Kaya kalpa: This is similar to -Rasayana chikitsa’ of Ayurveda and -gerontology’ of modern medicine. The word -kalpa’ means -able, competent’. When it is connected with -kaya’ or body, the term means competency or ability of the body. While in Ayurveda, rasayana is different from -vajeekarana’, kaya kalpa does not treat vajeekarana or the science of aphrodisiacs separately. When kayakalpa treatment is undertaken, the vigor of body and mind are restored and so there is no need for separate attention to vajeekarana. Siddhars were more concerned about the ultimate goal of living and less with worldly pursuit of sex. However, kayakalpa is very much capable of achieving the ends of both rasayana and vajeekarana.

The details of kayakalpa treatment are- 1. Preservation of vital energy of the body by diverting the internal secretions to the circulation of blood by control of breathing through yoga 2. Conservation of sperm by using it for regeneration. 3. Use of universal salt -muppu’ for rejuvenation. 4. Use of calcined powder prepared from metal and minerals such as mercury, gold, sulphur, mica, copper etc. 5. Use of drugs prepared by certain rare Indian herbs.

-Food is medicine and medicine is food- and -Prevention is better than cure- were the slug lines of Siddhars and their followers. In the past people had the first hand information of the health and toxic effects of various species of flora and they provided the raw materials to the medical man for compilation. Thus Siddha system is a science perfected into an art, coupled with primitive intuitions into nature’s resources and secrets.

A close look at the eating habits of animals and birds reveals they eat food raw and ripe consisting of all the six tastes where as man eats only food stuff of four tastes, leaving bitter and astringent, which are pre-requisites for healthy circulation f blood. Bitterness fights against bacterial infection and astringency maintains the right blood quality and its constituents. Small quantities of agathi grandiflora, bitter gourd, seeds of solanum xanthocarpum, flowers of neem eaten now and then in small quantities, ward of many microbiological and bacterial infections.

It was a common knowledge for many Indian to possess the rare knowledge of various medicinal properties of ingredients in our culinary preparations and thus many an Indian woman trained in the traditional oriental ways of food preparation is an excellent and masterly physician without any master degree-

As a sampler, when excessive smoking causes dizziness, stomach disorders and makes the male suffer from nicotine poison, immediately the lady knows the sure cure for this disorder and gives him agathi grandiflora leaves, deliciously cooked at regular intervals and thus cures him of his malady, similarly she knows the properties of medicinal food recipes out of edible greens, leaves, barks, berries and other vegetables and the value of pepper, mustard, ginger and a host of other household provisions, rarely men of the past generations were perforce compelled to visit the medical experts and specialists who were scarce and few.

The leafy green mentioned above and several other bitter lasting foods and dishes as in margosa leaves and other plants and medicinal herbs, kill or exterminate the nematodes like thread worm, hookworm and tape worms and similar germs infesting the bowels and alimentary canal.

Religion is an indispensable stand in the web of Hindu Indian life that permeates through the daily life and character of Indians. The wise men of old India have deftly fused in their life certain ablutions, ceremonial rights and codes of conducts for normal healthy life. The Hindu Icons or the Pantheons of various Gods and particular modes of worship with leaves, flowers, milk, butter, honey, ghee, betel and nuts are symbolic and of great significance just as an abacus is used to induce children to learn arithmetic; these observations have been designed to promote for living a healthy life of body, mind and spirit. The practices may seem succinct or stupid to the modern civilization, but they were quite significant and sacred in the past.

The ancient wisdom of our ancestors should not be ridiculed because of our ignorance or non realization of their intrinsic worth. Let me present few examples of these rites and rituals and anyone with faithful, sincere interpretations of facts will come to the conclusion as how the medicine, art, culture, rituals and the way to healthy living with longevity were interwoven during prehistoric period.

While worshipping Lord Shiva, during the chanting and pooja, beal leaves (aegle marmelos) are offered to the Deity and after worship, some of these leaves are eaten by the devotees as -Prasad’ (blessings from God).this intake of beal leaves when followed regularly ensures good health by proper digestion and assimilation of food. It also removes the toxins in the body and is a blood purifier.

While worshipping mother Durga, the Goddess is being invoked with neem leaves and later consumed by the devotees. This is manna from heaven when consumed regularly in small quantities with its essence, as it proves wonderful disinfectant and germicide. Regular intake of this herb in any kind will be a sure elixir of life.

The foremost Hindu Deity Lord Ganesha, first to be propiated before commencing any important human project as per the belief. The Lord is worshipped with a particular type of grass – -Doorva’ (cynodon dactylon), which has been proven scientifically to possess the power of generating electricity in minute degree. When handling it augment one’s personal magnetism. It is of high medicinal value when administered orally. Another instance may seem superstitious but not without truth. Before initiating any auspicious rites, it is customary to make a crude image of Lord Ganesha with a fresh paste of either cow dung or turmeric paste and stick a small tuft of Doorva grass leaves to the person of the Deity. This image is abandoned and left to wither after performing pooja. Normally wet paste of either cow dung or turmeric when left exposed to atmosphere will be infested with bacteria and this does not happen with the sanctimonious Lord Ganesh’s image with the bunch of Doorva grass. It may baffle one’s imagination and one may not believe, but seeing believes!!!

Mango leaves are used in the worship of the Goddess of rivers- Ganga devi. Festoons of mango leave adorn temples and houses during festivals. A tuft of mango leaves dipped in the sacred water after worship Ganga is sprinkled over all the places of the premises and on the devotees. This serves as purificatory process. A decoction of mango leaves taken at regular intervals will cure many bodily illnesses.

The people of -Vishnu cult’ perform pooja of the Lord with -Tulsi leaves’ (ocimum sanctum). After the pooja 3-5 leaves are consumed as -Prasad’- these leaves consumed at regular intervals will build strong muscles and bones. It is also a wonderful prophylactic drug for many ailments. Likewise -Lord Brahma’, the Creator is worshipped with country fig leaves and fruits. The intake of these leaves and fruits will restore the correct blood constituents due to its astringent properties. These few narrations give a glimpse into the astounding possibilities of simple herbal preparations with no intricate knowledge of orthodox Siddha compounds with elaborative preparation processes. With a primary knowledge of hundreds of species in vegetable kingdom and the knowledge of physical body, its physiology and anatomy and simple rules of health and hygiene, any layman can lead a healthy life free from diseases.

Similarly periodic oil-bath promotes real rejuvenation of the physical body, though the modern medical conception put it that the diet we take orally contain oily matter which could suffice for a healthy body. Folds and wrinkles disappear in due course, when taken regular oil bath, giving the person youth, glow and luster. There are many illustrations of Siddhars stating by proper physical exercise and perfect breathing, food habits, evacuation of bowels, many undesirable conditions get eliminated. Siddhars have also propounded many prescriptions for rejuvenating the body and this bulk is called -Kayakalpa’, literally meaning a body like stone. The most intriguing, perplexing and unique phenomenon of Siddha system of medicine is the -Kayakalpa group of herbs’ which is not found in any other systems of medicine in the world. These ensure physiotherapy, psychotherapy, preventive and curative aspects of diseases and pave the way for longevity. There are 108 kayakalpa herbs; many among them in daily use are onion, garlic, ginger, lemon, jequirity and turmeric etc.

On close scrutiny one will struck with much wonder as in how those days where there was not even a microscope, the ancient Siddhars were capable of describing the use of such things rich in vitamins, minerals, proteins, hormones, electrolytes and other nutrients grouped them as disease preventives for promoting longevity.

To conclude these scriptures and sciences embody all that was required for human advancements in the world and a study of these ancient literatures will be really productive of lasting benefits. We may confess that we are still ignorant of many things connected with the ancient thoughts and beliefs and it is our ignorance that belittles their greatness.

The revival of ancient systems, be they in medicine or moral code, requires a faithful interpretation of the views of the originators of these sciences and such a movement will be useful and indeed found necessary since modern discoveries still are incomplete and look forward to the ancient works for the -MISSING LINKS’.

The Siddha system of medicine deserves careful and faithful examination since it has in itself many principles which may go a long way to supply the defects and deficiencies of modern conceptions and that may save Indian society and generally the world from many a besetting peril-..

-Authored by Siddha vaidya P.S.Narasimha swamy, Director- Agasthya Siddha literature research centre, #1495, Dr. Ambedkar Road, Krishna murthy puram, Mysore-5700 04 Cell: 09845167119 E-mail: Website: blogspot:

Bangalore: 10/1, HB samaja link Road, Gandhi bazaar, Basavanagudi. (Only on Saturdays and Sundays) ph: 09845167119

Anti Aging Madonna Inspired Health And Beauty Tips

Madonna is set to launch a new album and tour at the age of fifty. Always one to break the rules, she doesn’t look or act like one might expect a fifty-year-old woman to. Her energy level is phenomenal. She looks thirty. In fact her body is leaner and fitter than most women half her age.

How does she look so young? Can any older woman look as good as she does?

These are the antiaging tips I’ve gleaned from the write ups about Madonna.

1. Stay out of the sun as far as possible. Sunlight ages you before your time.
Use sunblock all the time if you are outdoors. Better yet, stay indoors to avoid the sun completely as much as possible.

2. Apply antiaging moisturizers on face and body before you sleep. You know how women keep hands and feet young by applying moisturizer to hands and feet before wearing gloves and socks? Do it. That works.

3. Stop using foundation and powder as they make you look older. For that matter, wear as little makeup as possible. Heavy makeup makes a woman look older.

4. If you need to hide dark circles under the eye or blemishes, use as little concealer as possible.

5. Don’t bother with the sultry kohl rimmed eyed look as that adds years to your appearance. Save the dramatic smoky eye look for young girls who want to look grown up. To highlight your eyes, instead of using black eyeliner and dark eyeshadow, use false eyelashes to make eyes bigger.

6. Go organic. Eat organic food as far as possible. If you must, grow your own organic fruit and vegetables and buy the rest from an organic food store.

7. Stay away from sauces and preservatives.

8. Exercise for 2 hours everyday. Maybe longer if you can spare the time. Wake up early if you must, in order to get the necessary exercise.

9. Take a days break from your workout routine every week. Exercise 6 days a week. Then rest.

10. Eat lots of fruit and vegetables and soya and beansprouts. Stick to a macrobiotic diet.

The Most Effective Anti Aging Night Creams Ingredients

Before you buy an anti aging night cream, its a good idea to learn about what ingredients to look for. Whats effective? Whats not? Let me give you a little help.

Lets start with Shea butter. You may have been using it for years a natural moisturizer. It softens and soothes irritated or inflamed skin, so it will help reduce those bags that you see in the morning. It also helps to fade scars, blemishes and age spots on the skin.

When used as an anti aging night cream, it smoothes out wrinkles. It can even fade stretch marks. But, thats not all you need.

Moisturizers are great, but you need a little wax to lock in moisture. It really shouldnt feel waxy though. Most companies still use paraffin wax, even though there are better choices for an anti aging night cream.

The Babassu Palm is a tree native to the Amazon Rainforest in South America. Its fruit contains seeds that produce edible oil known as Babassu oil. It can be formulated into a light wax and used in an anti aging night cream to help the skin retain moisture.

It has proven benefits for eczema and excessive dryness, but can also be beneficial for oily complexions, since it does not increase oil production. Other waxes, such as paraffin, mentioned above, cause the skin to produce more sebum, because it strips the natural oil. This causes the skin to overcompensate and produce more.

In cases of dry complexions, the affect is just the opposite. Paraffin causes excessive dryness, because it changes the natural pH level.

But, you want your anti aging night cream to do more than just moisturize, you want it to help your body produce more collagen, since production slows down with age. Avocado oil has been scientifically proven to stimulate collagen production and increase the amount of collagen in the dermis.

Functional Keratin is a specific brand of keratin protein peptides that actually reverses the aging process. Keratin, along with collagen and elastin fibers, is a major component of the skins layers. Until recently, products that contained it keratin were ineffective, because the manufacturing process denaturalized the protein and rendered it useless.

An anti aging night cream that contains Functional Keratin will stimulate the growth of new skin cells, so that older damaged cells can be more easily replaced. The ingredient can also be found in hand creams and has been shown to improve the elasticity of the skin on the hands.

Any one of the ingredients that I have mentioned so far can be beneficial. But, if all are included in an anti aging night cream, then you will get the most benefit. It may seem like this is enough, but the best anti aging nigh cream contains even more.

A specific type of honey has been shown to be rich in antioxidants. Researchers say that it stimulates the immune system and acts as an antibacterial. So, particularly if you have a scratch or irritation, it will be very beneficial.

If you read the labels on the lotions that you have in your home right now, you will see that most of them advise against using them on irritated or inflamed skin. As you can see, everything mentioned here is good for irritated and inflamed skin. Why would you want an anti aging night cream that is not good for your skins health? Dont be misinformed, look for the right ingredients.

The Signs Of The Zodiac Gemini And Cancer Compatibility

To be honest, Gemini and Cancer compatibility may not be easy since both of them dont actually have a tremendous amount in common. However, their differences may also complement the lapses they have. For instance, the Cancer individual will always like to take care of the Gemini when he or she comes back from work. On the other hand, the Gemini person will like to meddle in the emotional nature of the Cancer individual. The Gemini person can be superficial in his or her endeavors while the Cancer person is always very emotional with his or endeavors.

In most cases, the Cancer person will feel hurt by the superficial lifestyle of the Gemini. When it comes to solving problems, the Gemini talks more than taking action while the Cancer individuals believes more in taking the right action towards a solution.

In any case, Gemini Cancer Compatibility can work better when the Gemini begins to use his or her intellect and humor to appeal to the emotional nature of the Cancer. In return, the Cancer person will supply the needed stability to help the Gemini.

Meanwhile, the Cancer person may be jealous and insecure in the relationship because of the flirtatious nature of the Gemini who always likes to move around. In a typical relationship between a Gemini Man and a Cancer woman, the lively nature of the Gemini man will always appeal to the emotional nature of the Cancer woman.

On the other hand, the Gemini man will be drawn to the sensitive and charming nature of the Cancer woman. The rationality of the Gemini man will also appeal to the sentimental and emotional nature of the Cancer woman. The only problem that may come up is that the Cancer woman may always feel insecure because of the flirtatious nature of the Gemini Man.

Again, the case is almost the same in a relationship between a Cancer man and a Gemini Woman. The Cancer man will never like to tolerate the flirtatious nature of the Gemini woman. They will likely begin to have serious relationship problems because of that. The Cancer man will always be suspicious of the movement of the Gemini woman.

In any case, the Gemini and Cancer compatibility can always work if the two parties will learn to adjust their excesses and tolerate each other. They really have to work on themselves in order to make the relationship work as expected.