The number of instances of breast cancer in women is increasing at an alarming rate all over the world. Although many diagnostic facilities and preventive measures are available, the awareness for the disease is not adequate and hence the disease continues to grow without any check on its increase. Although abnormal growth of breasts is considered normal in most cases it is very difficult to diagnose it as cancer with the aid of further diagnosis. 3D mammography is the latest diagnostic process for detecting breast cancer that functions with the help of low energy X rays. The objective of a mammography scan is to detect the presence of abnormal growth or ailment in the breasts through analysis of the tissues. Mammography scans use 30kVp X rays, which is considered safe and ideal for detecting the presence or symptoms of the disease.
The process of 3D mammography
The images of the breast tissues are taken on an x ray sheet. The process of capturing these images is known as mammogram. These mammograms are further developed with the aid of ionization for further analysis. They are then analysed and interpreted by radiologists who issue statements and scan reports for the use of doctors. These x rays are taken using x rays that are less potent than normal x rays used for the scanning of bones. The various types of mammography scans are ultrasound scanning, digital mammography, positron emission mammography, 3D mammography, magnetic resonance imaging and dictograph. These techniques are largely used for getting affirming results of the previous tests of mammography for deeper analysis.
Advanced scanning procedures
Ultrasound scans are resorted then normal mammography scans do not provide accurate or precise reports. Alternatively, ductography scans are also used for checking bloody discharges from nipples, which gives idea about the presence of breast cancer. Patients are also scanned using MRI scan equipment before their operations in order to evaluate the results before and after the surgery. Tomosynthesis is the latest innovation in the scanning field, which is gaining more reputation for its accurate results than any other tests present today.
Risks associated with 3D mammography scanning
The prime risk of these scans is the possible occurrence of radiation induced cancer. It is quite possible for women below the age of thirty five to be affected with radiation induced cancer more quickly than natural sources. Hence, as a precaution 3D mammography is not prescribed for women under the age of forty. As an alternative, other scanning procedures like ultrasound scanning and MRI imaging are used to get the desired results for diagnosis. However, on exceptional cases where the extent of the symptoms is severe the radiologist may recommend for mammography even when other procedures provide accurate results. It is also possible for scan procedures to miss out on detecting the existence of symptoms. It is quite difficult to detect the present due to thick tissues and inactive cancer lesions that forms in the central location of the breast, which cannot be diagnosed through normal mammography. Hence, the report may possibly give a negative report of the existence or symptom of breast cancer.
However, there is also a possibility for women to undergo repeated scanning in case false positive results were given during the tests. False positive results are when the test results declare the presence of symptoms f the cancer when actually the patient is free of any infection. It can happen due to the wrong diagnosis of the radiologist or incorrect evaluation by the doctor. Calibration issues with the equipments can also lead to incorrect results. Hence, it is advised to seek the services of a reputed diagnostic organization that has sufficient experience and provides the best results in a timely manner.
Advantages of 3D mammography
The advantages of mammography scanning are many and varied. They aid in early detection of symptoms and possible existence of breast cancer. Small and tiny tumors can also be identified with the help of 3D mammography. High risk lesions, which are otherwise unnoticed under normal mammography scanning can also, be diagnosed with the aid of these scanning techniques. The patient can be saved from the difficulty of undergoing chemotherapy in case the cancer becomes acute. Cancer is curable and is also possible to be prevented if it is diagnosed in advance. Mammography helps in reducing the possible related risks of breast cancer. It is estimated that these scanning techniques have saved at least ninety five percent of the individuals who were diagnosed of the disease.
The writer is an expert in the field of Diagnostic Services with focus on 3d Mammography & Digital Mammography .