What is it?
These are conditions that predispose a person to increased risk of developing heart disease and blood vessels. There are several risk factors for cardiovascular disease, which can be divided into immutable and mutable.
Immutable factors are those that can not change and therefore we can not treat them. They are:
The children of people with cardiovascular disease have a higher propensity to develop diseases of this group. People with black skin are more prone to hypertension and in them it usually has a more severe course.
Four out of five people suffering from cardiovascular disease are over 65 years. Among older women, those with a heart attack will have a double chance of dying in a few weeks.
Men are more likely to have a heart attack and his attacks will occur at a younger age group. Even after menopause, when the rate of women increases, it is never as high as that of men.
Are the factors over which we can influence, changing, preventing or treating.
The risk of a heart attack in a smoker is two times higher than a nonsmoker. The cigarette smoker has a chance two to four times more likely to die suddenly than a nonsmoker. The passive smokers also has the risk of a heart attack increased.
The risk of heart disease as the increase in cholesterol levels are higher in the blood. Along with other risk factors like high blood pressure and smoking, this risk is even greater. This risk factor is exacerbated by age, sex and diet.
High blood pressure:
To keep the pressure high, the heart performs more work, this will hipertrofiando to the heart muscle that dilates and becomes weaker with time, increasing the risk of an attack. Elevated pressure also increases the risk of a stroke, injury in the kidney and heart failure. The risk of a hypertensive attack increases several times, along with cigarette smoking, diabetes, obesity and high cholesterol.
The lack of physical activity is another risk factor for coronary disease. Regular physical exercise, moderate to vigorous play an important role in preventing cardiovascular disease. Even moderate exercise, done regularly since they are beneficial, however the most intense are more suitable. Physical activity also prevents obesity, hypertension, diabetes and lowers cholesterol.
Excess weight has a higher probability of causing a stroke or heart disease, even in the absence of other risk factors. Obesity requires a greater effort of the heart as well as being linked to coronary disease, blood pressure, high cholesterol and diabetes. Decrease 5 to 10 pounds in weight already reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease.
Diabetes is a serious risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Even if your blood sugar is under control, diabetes increases the risk of cardiovascular disease and stroke. Two thirds of people with diabetes die from complications caused heart or brain. In the presence of diabetes, other risk factors become more significant and ominous.
Current OCs have small doses of hormones and the risk of cardiovascular disease are negligible for most women. Smoking, hypertension or diabetes should not use oral contraceptives greatly increase in the risk of cardiovascular disease.