Beet (Beta vulgaris) is a plant belonging to the family Amaranthaceae, formerly classified in the family Chenopodiaceae. The root of the beet is very popular around the world, used cooked or raw vegetables is one of the most prized in cooking, its flavor sweet and tastes like earth attracts the palate. Although used as food is also effective when used medicinally, is the cure of diseases or as a preventive.
The roots contain red powerful compounds that help protect against heart disease, birth defects and certain types of cancer, especially colon cancer.
The pigment that gives beets their color-reddish purple is betacyanin is also a powerful agent in fighting cancer. Its effectiveness against colon cancer, in particular, has been shown in several studies. This pigment is absorbed into the blood and can increase the transport capacity of oxygen in the blood by up to 400 percent.
In an animal study beet fiber increased the activity of two antioxidant enzymes in the liver, glutathione peroxidase and glutathione S-transferase. The liver is the main organ of detoxification of the body, where toxic substances are broken down and eliminated, a process that generates a large amount of free radicals. Glutathione peroxidase and glutathione S-transferase are the bodyguards for liver cells and biliary tract, protecting them from attack by free radicals.
Although this study has not only increased the activity of antioxidant protection in liver but also on the levels of total cholesterol fell by 30%, their triglycerides fell 40% (elevated triglycerides, the form in which fats are transported in the blood are an important risk factor for cardiovascular diseases), and the level of HDL (beneficial cholesterol) increased significantly.
In animal studies, scientists have observed an increase in the number of colonic CD8 cells, which are immune cells responsible for detecting and eliminating abnormal cells.
In patients with stomach cancer, when scientists compared the effects of fruit and vegetable juices for the formation of nitrosamines, carcinogenic compounds produced in the stomach from chemicals called nitrates, it was discovered that beetroot juice is a potent inhibitor of cell mutations caused by these compounds. Nitrates are commonly used as chemical preservatives in processed meats.
People whose diets are focused on betaine (found naturally in vegetables such as beets and spinach), have levels of inflammatory markers at least 20% lower than individuals with lower average consumption American Journal of Clinical Nutrition (Detopoulou P, Panagiotakos DB , et al.).
Beets are particularly rich in folate, vitamin B, which is essential for the growth of normal tissue. Eating folate-rich foods is especially important during pregnancy, because without enough folic acid, the backbone of the child does not develop properly, a condition called neural tube defects. The daily requirement of folic acid is 400 micrograms. A cup of cooked sliced beets contains 136 micrograms of folate.
The green leaves can be cooked and are also rich in beta carotene, folic acid, chlorophyll, potassium, vitamin C and iron.
Nutritional value per 100g.
Vitamin A: 20 IU
Thiamine: .02 mg
Riboflavin: .05 mg
Niacin: .4 mg
Vitamin C: 10 mg.
Calcium: 27 mg.
Iron: 1.0 mg.
Phosphorus: 43 mg.
Carbohydrates: 9.6 gm.
Protein: 1.6 gm.
The beetroot is a treatment traditionally used to combat leukemia. Therapy with beets, with consumption of about two pounds of mashed beet per day, has been reported favorably to the cases of leukemia and cancers (including cancer).
Research also shows that beetroot juice can help inhibit the development of colon cancer and stomach. It is believed that the beet red when eaten regularly can help against oxidative stress caused by certain disorders.
The red beet fiber helps reduce cholesterol levels by 30 to 40%, can also help normalize blood pressure. Sugar helps to maintain the elasticity of the arteries, when consumed regularly can help prevent varicose veins.
The iron content of red beet, although not high, it is the best quality that makes it a powerful cleanser and blood builder. This is why sugar is very effective in treating many diseases caused by toxic and pollution.
The beet juice is highly alkaline which makes it effective in the treatment of acidosis. Drinking juice regularly can help relieve constipation.
Beetroot and carrot juice in combination is excellent in the cure of gout, kidney and gall bladder may also help in the following problems, headaches, toothaches, dysentery and lumbago, skin problems, menstrual problems etc..
The beet juice is very strong, do not take much if your body is not used, it is advisable to increase the amount of beetroot medium-size to 1 every week. The juice is so strong that you may feel dizzy during cleaning, this discomfort is normal as the toxins are being eliminated. It is advisable to drink plenty of water to aid in the elimination of toxins. When you start eating sugar regularly, you will see a red color in urine or feces, there is nothing to worry because this is just the color of beet. When the beet is cooked part of its nutrient content is destroyed, you can consume it as juice or raw.
Agronomist, Dsc. Agronomy.